William Barr has been one of Donald Trump’s most loyal allies while serving as attorney-general © Reuters

William Barr, US attorney-general, said on Tuesday he had not seen evidence of voter fraud that would affect the outcome of the presidential election, undermining Donald Trump’s claims the vote was stolen.

The assessment by Mr Barr in an interview with the Associated Press was a high-profile rebuke of the president’s unsubstantiated claims of a vast Democratic conspiracy to manipulate voting machines and mail-in ballots to ensure Joe Biden’s victory.

Mr Barr, who has been a stalwart ally of Mr Trump, had before the election echoed the president’s warnings about mail ballot fraud. After the vote, the attorney-general stoked Democratic concerns by authorising immediate investigations into election fraud.

“To date, we have not seen fraud on a scale that could have affected a different outcome in the election,” Mr Barr told the AP. He added that he had looked into allegations that voting machines were compromised but “we haven’t seen anything to substantiate that”.

The comments were the most significant rejection yet of the president’s claims by one of his own appointees. Mr Trump last month fired Chris Krebs, then director of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, after Mr Krebs publicly stated that the election had been the “most secure” in history.

Rudy Giuliani, Mr Trump’s attorney, and Jenna Ellis, a senior campaign legal adviser, responded in a statement: “With the greatest respect to the attorney-general, his opinion appears to be without any knowledge or investigation of the substantial irregularities and evidence of systemic fraud.”

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Shortly after the interview was published, Mr Barr was seen visiting the White House. Responding to Mr Barr’s comments, Chuck Schumer, the top Democrat in the Senate, told reporters: “I guess he’s the next one to be fired.”

Mr Barr also revealed on Tuesday that he had appointed a special counsel more than a month ago to investigate the origins of the probe into Russian meddling in the 2016 election. He said he had delayed notifying Congress because of the closeness of the election.

John Durham, the US attorney in Connecticut, had already been conducting an investigation into the matter. On October 19, Mr Barr gave Mr Durham authority to look into the matter as a special counsel, all but ensuring that his work would continue under the Biden administration and would be likely to culminate with a public report.

The developments came after critical battleground states in which Mr Trump has contested the results had certified Mr Biden as the winner. The president has mounted an unprecedented and, so far, unsuccessful bid to cling to office through a combination of lawsuits and overtly pressuring Republican state officials to throw the election to him.

Mr Trump has made unsubstantiated allegations of fraud in and out of court, ranging from illegal mail ballots to the fabrication of millions of votes through compromised voting machines. His lawsuits have been repeatedly rejected by the courts, including by Republican-appointed judges and, in one case, an appointee of the president himself.

As his efforts have failed, the US president has turned his ire on Republicans including the governors of Georgia and Arizona, who certified Mr Biden’s victories in their states. In a Fox News interview on Sunday, Mr Trump speculated that even his own administration might have been implicated in a supposed plot against him.

“How the FBI and Department of Justice — I don’t know. Maybe they are involved. But how people are allowed to get away with this stuff is unbelievable. This election was rigged. This election was a total fraud,” he said.

The president’s comments that the election was in effect pre-determined has caused trouble for Republicans in Georgia, where a run-off for two Senate seats in January will determine whether Congress is controlled by Democrats or divided between the two parties. Republicans need their base to turn out in spite of Mr Trump’s claims that the system is rigged.

Despite beginning the transition last month, repeatedly losing in court and failing to alter the outcome of the November vote through recounts, Mr Trump and his allies have continued to file legal challenges. On Tuesday, the Trump campaign said it had filed a new lawsuit in Wisconsin, where a partial recount requested by the president affirmed that Mr Biden had won the state — and slightly increased the former vice-president’s margin of victory.

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