Donald Trump was banned ‘indefinitely’ from Facebook after a mob of his supporters stormed the US Capitol © AP

Facebook has referred its decision to suspend Donald Trump’s account to its independent oversight board for review, the first big test of the social media company’s newly formed “Supreme Court” appeals body. 

The social media platform suspended Mr Trump’s account “indefinitely” this month over fears he could wield it to incite further violence following the storming of the US Capitol by a mob of his supporters.

Nick Clegg, Facebook’s head of global affairs, wrote in a blog post on Thursday that the suspension was “necessary and right”. 

But he added: “Given its significance, we think it is important for the board to review it and reach an independent judgment on whether it should be upheld.”

Facebook will also encourage recommendations from the board more generally “around suspensions when the user is a political leader”, Mr Clegg said. Mr Trump’s access to his account will remain suspended during the deliberations.

The independent oversight body was formed by Facebook to make rulings on the fairness of its content moderation decisions and policies as it faces the prospect of tougher regulation from lawmakers if it fails to improve enforcement.

Any decisions arrived at by the body — which is made up of academics, civil rights groups and experts across the political spectrum — are binding. It started accepting cases in December.

Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook chief executive, was part of the team that made the decision to refer the Trump case to the board, a person familiar with the situation said.

As part of the process, Mr Trump will be able to submit a “user statement” to the board detailing why he thinks the decision should be overturned. Facebook will be required to provide the context of how and why it came to the decision, and there will be a period for the public to submit comments, the board said.

The board’s rules allow a 90-day window to come to a conclusion on a case and an additional week for Facebook to take any required action.

Decisions by Facebook and other social media companies to censure Mr Trump have raised fears over the amount of that has been amassed in the hands of a handful of private Silicon Valley companies and sparked debate over the balance between their right to censor rule-breaking users and allowing free speech.

A clear position from the board could also relieve Mr Zuckerberg of having to decide whether to follow Twitter in banning Mr Trump permanently — a move that civil-rights groups have sought.

“Whether you believe the decision was justified or not, many people are understandably uncomfortable with the idea that tech companies have the power to ban elected leaders,” Mr Clegg said. “We agree . . . This is why we established the Oversight Board.”

Separately on Thursday, in a sign of the continued fallout for social media groups following the riots, Carolyn Maloney, chair of the House oversight and reform committee, called for the FBI to investigate the role that Parler, the “free speech” platform favoured by the far-right, played in facilitating the organisation of the violent events.

Parler was forced offline in the wake of the January 6 riot after Amazon withdrew its web hosting services. Ms Maloney also urged the FBI to explore the platform’s “ties to Russia, given the company has re-emerged on [a] Russian hosting service”.

Parler had sued AWS — Amazon’s hosting service — over the decision, accusing it of breach of contract by giving less than 30 days’ notice of its suspension.

On Thursday, a federal judge in Washington state denied Parler’s request for a temporary restraining order that would have forced AWS to resume hosting the network while court proceedings continued.

Judge Barbara Rothstein wrote that she rejected “any suggestion that the public interest favours requiring AWS to host the incendiary speech that the record shows some of Parler’s users have engaged in”.

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