Anthony Fauci receiving a coronavirus vaccine last month. ‘The US stands ready to work in partnership and solidarity to support the international Covid-19 response,’ he said © Reuters

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Joe Biden’s administration will join global efforts to make Covid-19 vaccines and drugs available around the world, reversing the position of his predecessor Donald Trump and ushering in a new era in health diplomacy.

Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said on Thursday that the US would sign up to the World Health Organization’s Covax programme to “advance multilateral efforts” to halt the spread of coronavirus.

Speaking to the WHO’s executive board a day after Mr Biden’s inauguration as president, Dr Fauci said he was “honoured” to say the US would remain a member of the global body.

“The US stands ready to work in partnership and solidarity to support the international Covid-19 response, mitigate its impact on the world, strengthen our institutions, advance epidemic preparedness for the future and improve the health and wellbeing of all people throughout the world,” Dr Fauci said.

Mr Trump, who left the White House on Wednesday after one term as president, had said the US would quit the Geneva-based organisation, which he accused of pandering to China and not acting quickly enough to warn the world about the pandemic.

The move to return to the global health body was part of Mr Biden’s early attempt to undo much of Mr Trump’s legacy as president and restore a more internationalist outlook in Washington, which also included rejoining the Paris climate accord on day one.

The new president promised in his inaugural address that his country would lead the world “not merely by the example of our power, but by the power of our example”.

A doctor seals a Covid-19 test swab in Nairobi, Kenya. The WHO has said that all 54 African countries have expressed interest in joining its Covax facility © Bloomberg

Mr Biden will speak to Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister, on Friday, before prioritising calls with other allies, according to Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary. 

Of the WHO, Dr Fauci said the US would resume “regular engagement” with the body and that it intended to fulfil financial obligations. He also endorsed the WHO mission to China to probe the virus’s origins.

“It is imperative that we learn and build on important lessons about how future pandemic events can be averted,” said Dr Fauci. “The international investigation [into the pandemic’s origins] must be robust and clear, and we look forward to evaluating it.”

Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director-general, welcomed US re-engagement, saying: “This is a good day for the WHO and a good day for global health . . . We must work together as one family.”

Mr Tedros on Thursday also spoke to vice-president Kamala Harris, who he thanked along with President Biden on Twitter for their “commitment to the WHO and global health” as well as for promoting women’s health and rejoining the Paris climate agreement.

Jeremy Farrar, director of medical charity the Wellcome Trust, praised the US move to join Covax, saying strong international collaboration would be “key to ending this pandemic as quickly as possible and improving the lives of millions of people worldwide”.

The Covax facility, which is also convened by the Gavi alliance of vaccine partners and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations, has struggled to mobilise the support to achieve its mission of making 2bn vaccine doses available equitably across the world.

That difficulty, coupled with vaccine nationalism that has led richer countries to buy up supplies, has forced some lower-income countries to negotiate procurement deals independently, leaving them potentially exposed to months without urgently needed vaccinations.

The WHO also warned on Thursday of significant disparities in vaccine access worldwide. It said 40m doses had been administered in 50 mostly high-income countries as of early this week.

It pointed out that in Africa, Guinea was the sole low-income nation to have administered vaccines — to 25 people. Seychelles, a high-income country, is the only one on the continent to have started a national vaccination campaign. The health body said all 54 African countries had expressed interest in joining Covax, either through self-finance or at no cost.

Suerie Moon, co-director of the global health centre at Geneva’s Graduate Institute, said the US had “suffered severe reputational damage under Trump” but that it remained a global leader in health.

“[US participation] will give Covax a big shot in the arm with money [and] access to existing vaccine supply,” she said. “And through use of government authority to compel production and transfer technology, it can make huge strides towards increasing vaccine supply for the world.”

Additional reporting by Kiran Stacey in Washington

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